Food For Thought #71: Brainless Agile, Everyone’s Agile, Speedy Agile, PM Survey 2016, UX 2017

Age of Product’s Food for Thought of December 11th, 2017—shared with 5,182 peers—offers a selection of “Agile”: from brainless agile — why is it practiced as a dumb process in most cases? —, to how to apply agile to other tasks that software creation.

We also dive deep into how you can improve the speed of product delivery, we check out the results of Mind the Product’s 2016 survey — remuneration for product managers is increasing, your’s too? —, and we get a sneak preview on UX trends of 2017.

Looking for a new PM job? Well, as we are closing in on 2017, a senior PM at Google shares tips how to ace your upcoming job interview.

Last but not least, Stanford’s ECorner provided a great video with Facebook’s vice president of product design on how to build the right features.

Enjoy a great Sunday!

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Agile Workspace: The Undervalued Success Factor — Agile Transition (Part 4)

TL;DR: Agile Workspace Means Choice Among a Diversity of Spaces

If you want your organization to become agile, adding more whiteboards to the workspace will not suffice. You have to abandon the idea that the workspace is an assembly line for white-collar workers. You need to let go Taylorism. We are now in the age of the creative worker.

To become agile – and reap its benefits such as becoming more innovative –, you need a diversity of workspaces to support all forms of creative work: focus, collaborate, learn, and socialize. Also, you have to let your creative workers choose which space is best suited for a task.

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Three Designs for the New Scrum Comic — Which One Do You Prefer?

Introducing Age of Product’s New Scrum Comic

After three weeks in the making, it’s my pleasure to present you with three designs of our first Scrum comic strip. Each of the designs is a different visualization of one of the 38 Scrum Master Interview Questions:

A user story is lacking the final designs, but the design department promises to deliver on day #2 of the upcoming sprint. The product owner of your Scrum team is fine with that and pushed to have the user story in the sprint backlog. What is your take?

Continue reading Three Designs for the New Scrum Comic — Which One Do You Prefer?

You’re Invited: Join Our ‘Hands-on Agile’ Slack Team

TL;DR: Join the ‘Hands-on Agile’ Slack Team

I would like to invite you to join for free Age of Product’s new “Hands-on Agile” Slack team and enjoy the benefits of a fast-growing, 200+ strong community of agile peers from all corners of the world.

Hands-on Agile: Join Age of Product’s new Slack team
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The Big Picture of Agile: How to Pitch the Agile Mindset to Stakeholders

TL;DR: The Big Picture of Agile

Let’s face it: While your enthusiasm for the big picture of agile practices is admirable, your stakeholders will most likely be moved by one thought only at the beginning of the transition: “What’s in for me? How will I now have my requirements delivered?”.

Read on and learn about one way how to kick-off the transition to a learning organization by pitching a simplified version the big picture of agile practices to your stakeholders first.

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How to Build Offline Boards – Agile Transition (Part 3)

TL;DR: On the Benefits of Offline Boards

Offline boards lift a team’s level of collaboration significantly. They are great information radiators for stakeholders, and they massively benefit from the psychology of getting haptic. Learn the best practices of getting started with your own offline boards in this third post of our series on how to kick-off an agile transition.

How to create offline boards – Agile transition part 3 by Age of Product

Note: see the latest version of the board below.

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Product Backlog Refinement — Agile Transition Part 2

Product Backlog Refinement—TL;DR

Where to start when kicking-off an agile transition?

Usually, tools and processes are smallest the common denominator among all participants, as they are at the core of the grand scheme of agile things.

It is a rare occasion that you start from scratch with a brand-new team without an existing product, probably even in a more or less nascent organization, for example a startup.

In most cases, an existing product delivery organization with available products, and services will go “agile“. In this case, turning attention to the available product backlog is a pragmatic first step. The following process describes what aspects need to be attended to to optimize the outcome.

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Peer Recruiting: How to Hire a Scrum Master in Agile Times

TL;DR

Peer Recruiting is the new hiring: In the near future, all creative, technology-based organizations will need to abandon the command & control structures that served the industrial world of the 20th century so well. Instead, they will reorganize themselves around autonomous teams to deal with the complexity and pace of innovation of the 21st century.

In such an agile world, recruiting will become a team decision, and the role of the human resources department will change into a supportive one. Recruiters will need to become servant leaders or facilitators, guiding the peer recruiting process.

The following guide to peer recruiting is based on my own experience in participating in the recruiting of such team members with Scrum-related roles over the last five years. This first article will cover the Scrum master role.

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Lean User Tests – Equipment and Location (Part 4 of 7)

TL;DR

This fourth part of the Lean User Tests series focuses on equipment and location: What hard- and software do you need to run your user tests, and where to run them? (Spoiler alert: It’s preferably not your office.)

How are your preparations progressing? If anything is impeding you from reaching this goal, please do not hesitate to contact me by commenting this post, and I will gladly help you.

Continue reading Lean User Tests – Equipment and Location (Part 4 of 7)

10 Proven Stakeholder Communication Tactics during an Agile Transition

TL;DR

Stakeholder communication: It is simply not enough for an agile product development organization to create great code and ship the resulting product like a clockwork. You also need to talk about it, particularly in the beginning of your agile transition. Marketing the agile journey of product and engineering to the rest of the organization—and thus getting their buy-in—is a critical success factor to step up the game: You want to become agile, not “do agile”.

So, learn more about ten proven stakeholder communications tactics that contribute to making this happen.

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How to Kick-off Your Agile Transition (Part 1)

Agile Transition—TL;DR

A hands-on, practical guide on how to kick-off an agile transition: Embrace the agile mindset and scale your engineering and product organization to harvest your organization’s full potential.

How to Kick off Your Agile Transition: Scrum Team #1 – Age of Product
Continue reading How to Kick-off Your Agile Transition (Part 1)

Lean User Tests – Inviting Interviewees (Part 3 of 7)

This part of the Lean User Tests series focuses on selecting and inviting interviewees: Who is a suitable candidate, how to invite them and why you will need replacement candidates.

You should now be around three to four weeks away from your next—or first—user test. If anything is impeding you from reaching that goal, please do not hesitate to contact me by commenting this post, and I will gladly help you.

Continue reading Lean User Tests – Inviting Interviewees (Part 3 of 7)

Scrum Master Anti Patterns: Beware of Becoming a Scrum Mom (or Scrum Pop)

Disclaimer: Of course, this post is in no way intended to be gender-specific. In my experience, there is no difference between the Scrum pop and the Scrum mom. This post is all about the emerging trend of Scrum helicopter parenting.

Beware of the Scrum Mom

Trying to be supportive and do good, is most of the time a honorable thing. This is particularly true in your capacity as a Scrum master. However, doing too much good can quickly have the opposite effect. It’s a known Scrum anti pattern, often referred to as the Scrum mom syndrome.

Read on to learn more about its manifestations, and the damage to your team caused by being overly protective.

Age of Product: Scrum Master Anti Patterns: Beware of Becoming a Scrum Mom
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20 Questions from New Scrum Master to Product Owner

From Scrum master to product owner, this set of questions addresses the future collaboration between the both and the rest of the team. The questions have been modeled after some basic principles, that high performing teams have in common. (You can read more on this topic in Marty Cagan’s post Product Success.)

20 Questions to Ask the Product Owner to Get up to Speed as a New Scrum Master

This post is following up on the previous post 20 Questions a New Scrum Master Should Ask Her Team to Get up to Speed.

This set of questions is intended for a first talk between product owner and Scrum master without involving the whole Scrum team.

Continue reading 20 Questions from New Scrum Master to Product Owner

Lean User Tests – How to Find the Right Candidates (Part 2 of 7)

This part of the Lean User Tests series focuses on acquiring the right candidates for the interviews, answering questions like:

  • How many applicants are required to fill an interview slot?
  • How to reach out to prospective candidates among your user base?
  • How to set up the application form?

There are differences in approaching candidates in the B2B versus the B2C space. However, the following general principles apply to all user interviews.

Continue reading Lean User Tests – How to Find the Right Candidates (Part 2 of 7)

Lean User Testing – How to Run User Tests Successfully: The ‘Why’ Question

User tests…

In a world where data-driven decision making is often prevalent, some people feel uncomfortable with agile methodologies as those provide only a few useful metrics. One of those few, however, is the cycle time from idea to shipping a valuable product increment to your customers.

If you want to optimize this metric for your organization, speeding up your product discovery process is essential. And this requires two things: a) rapid prototyping and b) people to test your prototypes with. That’s the main reason why running user tests continuously is so important.

Learn how to best organize and run user tests in this series of six blog posts. Today, we start with answering the “why” question and what huge benefits user tests will provide to your product discovery and delivery process.

Continue reading Lean User Testing – How to Run User Tests Successfully: The ‘Why’ Question

Product Roadmap Failure: Stop Setting Them Up To Fail

TL;DR

When dealing with product roadmap failure, stop debating whether you are doing product roadmaps “right”, or whether roadmaps are evil. Look instead at the job you are hiring your roadmap to achieve. And then ask if the roadmap is the best tool for the job.

TOC

  • 14 Common Product Roadmap Failures
  • A Summary of Almost all Methodology Debates on Twitter
  • Roadmap Needs and Being Awesome

New to Product Management? What is a product roadmap? For a standard definition see here.

Continue reading Product Roadmap Failure: Stop Setting Them Up To Fail

Why Agile Turns into Micromanagement

Agile turns into micromanagement as a result of the middle management’s resistance to change. Despite better knowledge, changing an organization into a learning one, that embraces experimentation and failure is not in the best interest of everybody. Self-organizing, empowered teams often conflict with the middle management’s drive to execute on personals agendas.

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Why Engineers Despise Agile

The agile consulting industry repackages an originally human-centered, technology-driven philosophy into a standardized, all-weather project-risk mitigating methodology. Sold to command & control organizations, their middle managers turn “Agile” into a 21. century adoption of Taylorism for knowledge workers. Beyond this meta-level, the reasons, why engineers despise Agile, fall into five categories: Control, manipulation, monitoring, technology and teamwork.

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Cargo Cult Agile: The ‘State of Agile’ Checklist for Your Organization

You want to know the state of agility in your organization? Here we go: Download the checklist, distribute it generously among your colleagues and run a quick poll. It will only take 5 minutes of their time–and then run an analysis on their feedback. If the average number of checkboxes marked is higher than nine, then you are probably practicing cargo cult agile. Consider changing it. Or abandon your agile experiment all together. But don’t refer to it as “agile” any longer.

Everyday Failures in Applying Agile

Agile methodologies, like Scrum, have been on the rise across organizations of all kind and sizes for some years by now. Many consultants responded to the increasing demand for agile practitioners, particularly from corporate organizations, with rebranding themselves.

Continue reading Cargo Cult Agile: The ‘State of Agile’ Checklist for Your Organization

Customer Care as a Litmus Test for Innovation and Agile Change

Customer care as entity, its function and status within a company, can act as a good litmus test for a company’s culture, its product management, and thus its potential for innovation and agile change.

If customer care is regarded solely as a cost center that needs to be outsourced, agile change is unlikely to happen in that organization.

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20 Questions a New Scrum Master Should Ask Her Team to Get up to Speed

20 questions for you — the new Scrum master — that fit into a 60 minutes time-box. Start learning how the new Scrum team is currently working and get up to speed. Download an easy printable template for your convenience.

Start Learning the Ropes in 60 Minutes

I was recently asked to participate in the product backlog grooming of a team that was looking for a new Scrum master. I was skeptical in the beginning. I had only limited knowledge about the project—a commercial website based on a CMS—, the grooming session was time-boxed to 60 minutes, and I hadn’t met the team members before beyond a very brief “hello”.

So, I prepared a questionnaire with topics I wanted to learn more about, and listened to the team grooming several user stories asking questions from the list when appropriate. Surprisingly, the insights turned out to be much more qualified than I expected. Particularly, the low-hanging (user story and Scrum improvement) fruits could be identified rather easily.

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Hiring: 38 Scrum Master Interview Questions to Avoid Agile Imposters

Scrum Master Hiring: Demand Creates Supply and the Job Market for Agile Practitioners is No Exception

Image from age-of-product.com

Maybe, “Agile” in general is a management fad and not trend at the moment. But what we can say for sure is that Scrum has become very popular for software development purposes. A seasoned Scrum master is nowadays in high demand. And that demand causes the market-entry of new professionals from other project management branches, probably believing that reading one or two Scrum books will be sufficient.

If you are looking to fill a position for a Scrum master (or agile coach) in your organization, you may find the following 38 interview questions useful to identify the right candidate. They are derived from my ten years of practical experience with XP as well as Scrum, serving both as Product owner and Scrum master as well as interviewing dozens of Scrum master candidates on behalf of my clients.

Continue reading Hiring: 38 Scrum Master Interview Questions to Avoid Agile Imposters

App Prototyping with Absolute Beginners – Agile Experiments

Yes, even absolute beginners can prototype an app. And learn a lot about product management, product design and user experience along the way. It is a low cost exercise that will greatly improve communication within your organization.

Intro: Why Organize an App Prototyping Workshop?

A few weeks ago, I wrote a post titled “No More LEGO® At Agile Workshops – I Am Tired Of Building Airports” expressing my annoyance with the common practice of exercises in workshops that use an inappropriate means in my eyes. I also promised to experiment with an alternative: Building app prototypes, utilizing one of the many prototyping apps in the market. And here is what I have learned over three workshops into this experiment.

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7 Best Practices on How to Build a Product Roadmap

It’s Roadmap Building Time Again!

The end of 2015 is nearing and it’s product roadmap building time again—at least for those companies that are still dedicated to the old command-and-control model. In the next few weeks, execs and (key) stakeholders will come together and define what needs to be built to meet business demands in 2016. So, here are the seven best practices on how to build product roadmaps the agile way.

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Welcome to the Agile Clinic – Our New LinkedIn Group For Agile Change

Let’s Fix Agile

When I wrote the Agile Failure Patterns In Organizations post in October, I could not anticipate the feedback it would receive: Over 80 comments on the Hacker News thread and almost 15,000 readers on the blog and additional channels like DZone or Business2Community.

Continue reading Welcome to the Agile Clinic – Our New LinkedIn Group For Agile Change

Scrum: The Obsession with Commitment Matching Velocity

The Fine Line Between Risk Mitigation and Falling Back into Covering Your Butt

The team hasn’t met its commitments once. Not once.

The atmosphere was becoming thicker by the minute. The management was displeased with the progress of the project and was looking for answers, starring at a bunch of Jira charts, I prepared earlier. “How can we claim that we are working in Scrum mode, if the team is not sticking with the rules?”

Throughout the majority of projects I have been working on I could observe an obsession with burn-down charts and other Scrum metrics, mainly team commitments. And as a consequence, a side product of backlog grooming, estimation and sprint planning is elevated to the most important management indicator that “Agile” works: The team’s commitment is matching or outperforming its average velocity.

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Ebookmakr Failure: The Fallacy of Knowing What to Build – The Post Mortem

Executive Summary – Lessons Learned from Ebookmakr’s Failure:

  1. Love the problem more than your solution.
  2. Don’t push too far your dreams of China in your hand.
  3. Use prototyping tools such as Marvel when running user interviews. (More here: Four Lessons Learned From Making Customer Value Your Priority.)
  4. Be careful with the selection process for user interviews: You might end up picking those that will support your vision – it’s a self-fulfilling prophecy trap.
  5. Beware of false positives in user interviews.
  6. Never start writing a single line of code before an appropriate number of customers signed up. (For clarification: Customers are paying users.)
  7. Never spend money on developing a prototype when you’re not working full-time on growing the user-base and increasing customer value.
  8. Be patient and give your product the time it needs.
  9. Always make branded t-shirts and wear them later regularly to preserve the recollection of the disaster. (See below.)
Continue reading Ebookmakr Failure: The Fallacy of Knowing What to Build – The Post Mortem

Four Lessons Learned From Making Customer Value Your Priority

Building a valuable, useable and feasible product does not happen overnight. These are my four core learnings from focusing on customer value, looking back at the projects I have been pursuing over the years.

Lessons Learned #1: Customers Don’t Know What They Want. And You Cannot Just Ask Them.

It’s really hard to design products by focus groups. A lot of times, people don’t know what they want until you show it to them.
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Agile Failure Patterns in Organizations

Why Agile is Simple and Complex at the Same Time

Who wouldn’t agree that the four core principles of the Agile Manifesto

  1. Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  2. Working software over comprehensive documentation
  3. Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
  4. Responding to change over following a plan

— aren’t derived from applying common sense to a serious problem?

That the application of those principles might be suited to fix numerous organizational dysfunctions and reduce an error-prone and complex social setting to maybe just a complicated one?

Continue reading Agile Failure Patterns in Organizations

No More LEGO® at Agile Workshops – I am Tired of Building Airports

How I Have Been Practicing Processes in Recent Agile Workshops

During the last 12 months, I participated in three inspiring workshops–I enjoyed all of them:

All of those agile workshops used LEGO® more or less heavily as a training ground to build a “product”, for example, to practice basic Scrum techniques such as organizing and running a sprint.

So, I was building airports…

Continue reading No More LEGO® at Agile Workshops – I am Tired of Building Airports

Food For Thought #70: Agile Myths Busting, Trust, Product Discovery, Listening to Customers

Age of Product’s Food for Thought of December 4th, 2017—shared with 5,066 peers—focusses on agile myth busting, team dysfunctions, and how trust among teammates influences creativity.

We then dive deep into why switching to Kanban will not fixing your Scrum problems, and how to keep stakeholders and agile teams aligned.

We then support David Cancel’s notion that listening to customers is king, and learn how the Kano model supports product discovery. Speaking of which: Marty Cagan identifies key risks that you should better tackle during the discovery work.

Last but not least, Om Malik reflects on the Silicon Valley’s distinct lack of empathy for “normal people”.

Enjoy a great Sunday!

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Food For Thought #69: Scaling Agile, LeSS Huge, Ruthless Prios, Good Metrics, Comfort Zones

Age of Product’s Food for Thought of November 27th, 2016—shared with 4,912 peers—pays tribute to an all-time favorite: scaling agile. Jeff Sutherland shares a recent presentation on the Shu Ha Ri principle, and we learn that you can build 22 teams at once. LeSS can be indeed Huge.

We then dive deep into best practices for agile retrospectives—cardinal sins to avoid, dealing with strange behavior—, and once again we refer to our velocity-is-not-a-suitable-agile-metric mantra.

Speaking of metrics: Laura Klein shares a chapter of her new book, addressing suitable product metrics, we embrace the ideas of ruthless prioritization and continuous product discovery, and learn again that diversity is good for product & profits. (By the way, can anyone explain to me why this seems to be so hard to understand?)

Last but not least, innovation and personal growth don’t seem to flourish in comfort zones. Maybe, seeking discomfort intentionally could help? Well then, read what Lyft’s director of product design has to say…

Enjoy a great Sunday!

Continue reading Food For Thought #69: Scaling Agile, LeSS Huge, Ruthless Prios, Good Metrics, Comfort Zones

Food For Thought #68: 100 Agile Techniques, Machiavelli and Dopamine for PMs, Scaling Lean

Age of Product’s Food for Thought of November 20th, 2016—shared with 4,841 peers—provides 100 agile techniques, explains why output is obsolete, and why open floor plans suck at making the creative worker productive.

You are looking for a new product management job? We got you covered: 10 actionable tips how to improve your LinkedIn product.

We then dive deep into how to use Machiavellian principles and happiness hormones like Dopamine for product issues. We also learn how to create shared understanding, and what “Scaling Lean” in the enterprise requires at project, program, and portfolio level.

Last but not least, we join VCs Mark Suster and Brad Feld when they teaching entrepreneurship to inmates from the California State Prison in Lancaster.

Enjoy a great Sunday!

Continue reading Food For Thought #68: 100 Agile Techniques, Machiavelli and Dopamine for PMs, Scaling Lean